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La crise du Covid-19 : une opportunité pour les mouvements séparatistes ?

Written by on 28 mai 2020

En 2014, les citoyens écossais se sont rendus aux urnes pour voter pour leur propre indépendance. 55% ont voté contre et 45% pour. Près de six ans plus tard, le Royaume-Uni a incroyablement changé. Il y a eu le Brexit, et la crise du coronavirus. Nicola Sturgeon, le chef du gouvernement écossais, a d’après l’opinion générale adopté une approche beaucoup plus raisonnable de la pandémie. Le mouvement indépendantiste va-t-il pouvoir en profiter ? Mike Kenny, professeur de politique publique à l’Université de Cambridge, nous explique.

“Some of the tensions between the Scottish government and the UK government have been exacerbated. I think it’s been interesting that the British government has been rather slow to see that there was a political opportunity for Nicola Sturgeon to present herself as more cautious, more careful, maybe more statesmanlike. If the outcomes of Covid-19 in England are dramatically different to those in other parts of the UK in a sustained way over time, that potentially gives them a card to play.

Le Professeur Kenny estime que si le gouvernement écossais continue de faire pression pour un deuxième référendum après la crise, il deviendra de plus en plus difficile de le refuser.

“It’s possible mainly because the Scottish government are committed to asking for one. In the context of the Covid-19 crisis, they actually withdrew their formal request for a referendum, which is interesting. It led some people to think that this crisis could actually diminish some of the previous tensions around independence. I doubt that’s true – what you’re likely to see when perhaps the worst of this is over, is a pressure from the Scottish government to go back to that issue. Then the question is, what does Boris Johnson do ? What does his government do in the face of that ? But if the request keeps being made, and if opinion in Scotland begins to move behind the idea that the Scottish people are being denied the opportunity to exercise their right to choose, then I think things become politically become very difficult. 

Des indications en Europe que la crise du coronavirus peut servir de tremplin à des mouvements séparatistes. Les gouvernements de l’Écosse et de la Catalogne en Espagne ont sévèrement critiqué les actions de leurs gouvernements centraux respectifs.


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